Food science education in the United States These guidelines identify five main areas, namely, food chemistry, food microbiology, food processing, food engineering, and food analysis. Basically, the study of how microorganisms interact with food, food microbiology focuses on bacteria, molds, yeasts and viruses. The areas of special importance for product development are food safety and quality. Food safety is concerned with the prevention of pathogens in food.
It's almost impossible to eliminate microorganisms from any food, but many steps can be taken to slow their growth or inactivate them. What food science is doing in the area of food safety is to develop very sensitive and rapid techniques to identify pathogenic microorganisms and the toxins they produce in food, and to develop packaging and processes that inhibit their growth and reduce their survival rate. Not all microorganisms are harmful, but some cause food to deteriorate. The key to controlling deterioration is to kill as many bacteria as we can without also killing the quality of the food in which they reside.
Food microbiology is one of the most important fields of food science when it comes to product development, especially in this era of litigation. When designing a development plan for a new product, it is essential to consider the microbial quality of each component and how that may affect the overall quality of the product, and determine how to process the product so that it has a sufficient shelf life. When it comes to product developers, food engineers develop the concepts that processors use to convert raw materials into safe, durable foods. In menu development, engineers may not play a direct role, but processors do.
The way an ingredient is processed can have a dramatic effect on the flavor, color, safety and shelf life of foods. Consider high-pressure processing (HPP) and its effect on the fresh fruit and vegetable juice industry. HPP is a non-thermal or “cold pasteurization” process developed to allow the production of fruit and vegetable juices without any of the harmful effects of heat treatments, such as changes in flavor, texture or color. The nutritional profile of juices is not altered by the process, so there is no need to fortify them.
Nutritionists often associate heat processing with detrimental effects on the nutritional quality of foods, but not always. Recent work at Cornell University showed that heating tomatoes increases the level of a cancer-fighting phytochemical called lycopene. Winsight is a leading B2B information services company focused on the food and beverage industry, providing information and market intelligence to business leaders from all channels where consumers purchase food and beverages (convenience stores, grocery stores, restaurants and non-commercial food services) through media, events, data products, advisory services and trade shows. Foods are biochemical because, in most cases, they or their raw ingredients are or were living beings.
To help consumers make informed decisions about the food they consume, IFT has developed IFT Food Facts to provide consumers with news that they can use in their daily lives. Food research is the careful and systematic study, research and collection of information on foods and their components. Food science is a multidisciplinary field encompassing chemistry, biochemistry, nutrition, microbiology and engineering to provide the scientific knowledge necessary to solve real problems associated with the multiple facets of the food system. To be a food scientist and help manage the world's food supply to the maximum, you need to be familiar with.
This greater dependence of society on ready-to-eat foods has led processors to assume greater responsibility in terms of quality, safety and nutrition. The five fields of food science that must be understood as a food company are food microbiology, food engineering (26%), processing, food chemistry, nutrition and sensory analysis. Food technologists are responsible for the safety and quality of products that thousands of people could eat every day. But don't you know what food science is? You are not alone, many people don't even know that the countryside exists.
. On the other hand, food engineers create the concepts that food processors use to transform raw materials into healthy, durable foods. Food scientists and technologists are versatile, interdisciplinary and collaborative professionals in a profession at the crossroads of scientific and technological advances. .
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